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Archive for June, 2012

Which PHP Framework is the fastest?

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This question is often asked, but is never answered properly. So how to measure framework speed? Let me also explain why “scalability” is more important than general “performance”.
The primary goal of Frameworks and Libraries is to make certain things simpler and easier for developers. Frameworks can also be categorized by what it is they’re simplifying:

MVC Frameworks help you organize flexible page structure
Database frameworks (also called ORM) help you to organize flexible database access interface
User Interface frameworks will help you make your user interface consistent
Security frameworks will help you introduce security practices in your software.

Frameworks do that by introducing some assumptions, generalizing and also restricting developer to certain practices which framework authors approve of.

It’s fairly obvious to anyone than adding thousands of lines of code to your “Hello World” application wouldn’t make it execute faster. The regular argument of a framework authors is that they help development process to be faster and smoother on a larger projects. This often nothing to do with the speed of the code execution: “Developer time is more expensive than CPU time”.

What’s worse is that some frameworks impose standards which slow your code down. An example is a basic Acitve Record implementation, which brings your powerful SQL engine to the level of Simple DB to match the lowest common feature denominator across multiple database vendors. This along with a general overheads of the framework greatly contributes to the “slowness” of your project.

So how can framework contribute to performance of your project?

1. Make Fewer SQL Queries

When your frameworks sends request to a database and waits for result, it introduces latency. The PHP code waits for data to be parsed and executed by SQL and results to be returned. Because today SQL is still the most popular way then your job is to make as little queries as possible. If you could build your page with 10 SQL queries instead of 50, that would speed things up a lot.

Having less number of queries means each query would be more complex and would retrieve more data. Yet we don’t want to write the queries. Your database framework will have to have concept of expressions, joins and sub-selects to be able to off-load as much logic as possible into SQL engine. If number of queries on your page increases along with number of records displayed on the page, then you have produced non-scalable code. If your framework endorses this practice, then your framework is not scalable.

2. Selective render

When you look at the page such as this one you see many different areas with many different types of dynamic data. As it happens with dynamic web pages, some areas of your screen will refresh themselves. There are two approaches to do so

Build a separate JSON service for sending updates

Let framework handle the refresh

The (2) is very tempting, but average frameworks can’t perform web page refreshes graciously, that’s why many developers will have to duplicate some code and build a separate mechanism for JSON polling. This introduces inconsistence and bugs in the user interface. Many developers resort ONLY to JSON polling after the page is loaded increasing number of dynamic requests, making page unusable for search engines, building reliance on javascript and severely reducing total page load time.

For a scalable framework it’s an absolute necessity that the fragment of the page could be inexpensively re-rendered and reloaded with as little database traffic as possible and without additional coding from developer.

3. Parallelization

Suppose you have two different API services behind your web frontend. One service is built to return JSON with list of on-line users. The other service returns the JSON with recent post feed. Your frontend is written in your favorite PHP framework which makes use of templates or some page logic to determine if any of those page areas (or both) needs displaying.

JSON backend introduce some serious latency in your request, so it’s imperative that you your frontend PHP framework would execute both requests in parallel. Unfortunately most of the PHP frameworks want the data pretty much right away, when the page is rendered.

A scalable framework would be capable of identifying which widgets you need to display on your page and allow to execute both JSON requests first before collecting their output.

4. Overheads

Minimization of overheads is often the ONLY practice frameworks concern themselves with. This is where modularity is important. Let’s say the developer X have built a plug-in for WordPress. He decided to use super-fast framework and throughly benchmarked his add-on. Next comes the developer Y who have also built a plug-in for WordPress with a different framework but equally as fast. WordPress now requires to initialize two frameworks introducing huge overheads.

You might have been seen this in practice with a different set of frameworks, such as Zend and CodeIgniter. And then you integrate Facebook API which does not rely on any framework and makes you chew through thousands of line of PHP code which you don’t need anyway. And you also use ORM of your choice which has no dependencies yet re-implements tons of code.

A scalable framework should provide a unified set of modules and practices which are used by all of the plug-ins and add-ons to avoid any code duplication. In practice, decoupled frameworks are very bad for scalability. How many frameworks would provide add-on developer with a consistent API for building user interface?

5. Caching

After making all the possible mistakes in the book, frameworks do implement a caching strategy and brand themselves as a “High Performance”. The caching is not a cure and will introduce complications and limitations. Framework must be fast and scalable without any caching. Yet caching is important too. There are two types of caches: data cache and output cache.

The data cache helps developer to skip some database queries. If your implementation requires you to traverse models on each row (such as to determine URL for user thumbnails), then adding a memcache seems like a good-enough solution to the problem. This does help scalability a little, but essentially displays outdated data and can lead into many nasty problems.

Output caching helps you to cache either parts of the page or all the page completely. Many MVC frameworks wouldn’t have sufficient support for implementing output caching, because they are used to “echo” things out. As developer it becomes your burden to collect output into buffer and build logic for substitution and keeping cache up-to-date.

A scalable framework should handle both tasks flexibly and consistently. It should allow you to exchange your expensive data source (SQL, JSON) with a faster data source such as Memcache gracefully and transparently.

The framework should be equally good at letting you substitute whole areas of the page with a static alternatives without loosing functionality and requiring you to go under the hood of page routing or loosing any dynamic functionality on your page.


Many PHP frameworks sucks at properly understanding scalability principles. Look into a Silex framework and imagine that your project has 200 pages. On every page request, it will execute 200 matching pattern checks which are NOT based on regular expression. How is that scalable? Possibly another caching would help?

I am saddened by the state in which PHP frameworks are today and I believe there are many things which can be improved. I also believe that developers can be educated to have a good judgement and understanding of scalability.

There is huge potential for the next generation of PHP frameworks and I strongly encourage you to write and talk about it.

So should someone ask you, “what PHP framework is the fastest” — tell them that they are all slow, but some of them are “scalable”.

I have implemented all of the scalability principles described above in my framework: but if you have a worthy alternative be sure to leave a comment with some clarifications.

Worth checking online testing tools/playgrounds to test your code online

There are several places over the internet where you not only test your code but that can also serve as a small code repository to share with others


JsFiddle is a playground for web developers, a tool which may be used in many ways. Check my article Getting started with JS Fiddle

Google Code Playground

It’s worth checking, you can easily get code snippet of several google application code here


This tool will help you test your code with bunch of languages (over 40); you can also you your Facebook account to login and share code.

A Chinese site, that will allows you to work on JavaScript, HTML and CSS. Site seems like a social one, you can log in using any popular web service (i.e google, yahoo etc). You can find others peoples snippet as well


Quick and easy way to test your CSS.

JS Bin

Some what a short and easy version of jsfiddle


codepad is an online compiler/interpreter, and a simple collaboration tool.


Not that much worth, just include to keep track(might be they improve later)


Random observation for June 27, 2012

  1. You can cast string in jQuery like this

    String(1) + String(2);

    In php you can do it as follow

    $myText = (string)$myVar;


  1. You can use Ctrl + Shift + J in chrome to look at debugging panel
  2. XHR means XMLHTTPRequest
  3. XHR debugging enable by default in Chrome.
  4. You can use variable in following manner when having an ajax call in jquery



            $params = “param1=abc&param2=200”;    



                 type: “POST”,

                 url: “yoururl“,

                 data: $params,

                     success: function(data) {

                        $(“#iframeid”).attr(‘src’, String(data));





  5. You can set an iframe location using following code in jquery

    $(“#iframeid”).attr(‘src’, url);

  6. You can use iframe with following code

    id=”iframeid” src=”;



            longdesc=”Unable to see this”






Still missed several other observations K





How to add virtual subdomain to your domain

You might require several subdomain for a specific domain, so you can add them virtually using following technique.

You need to add an A record in your dns setting using your hosting control panel, pointing to the IP of your domain


Now this will always redirect to you root page i.e

Now you can add following lines to your code (Code is C# specific you can change as per your language requirement)

switch (Request.Url.ToString())


case “”:

case “;:

    case “http://”:




How to automatically redirect to another url

Let say I need a link on my Redirecting


I can simply add a folder name “programming” to the root of my website folder and then I add a file (index.html) containing following line of code

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC “-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN”>



<title>Programming |</title>

<meta http-equiv=”REFRESH” content=”0;url= “></HEAD>


Tracking you time with Outlook

You can use outlook to track your time spend on daily activities as follow:-

Step 1:- Click on calendar view to switch to calendar.

Step 2:- Click on Week to switch to weekly view.

Step 3:- You can also configure you calendar setting by right click on calendar

Step 4:- Add the task you want to work, simply by clicking anywhere on calendar

Step 5:- You can also attach any email from your supervisor with this task. This will help you arrange you task.

Likewise you can add any file or documents

At the end of the week your calendar will be somewhat like this

So you can easily log you hours in any time management tool (e.g letsfreckle)

Setting up Inspiron 15R N5110 with Window 7 and Drivers

Once you install window on your N5110 laptop, you will come to know there are several drivers missing. Following issue you might face:-

  1. Display quality degraded.
  2. USB 3.0 not working
  3. Lan card not working
  4. Unable to use video card


You might not be able to connect to internet if you are trying to using it via lan card. So I tried a USB device for internet connection. Luckily there exist one 2.0 USB in n5110

If you have bought a new dell laptop you can view product related info here

All you need to do is to enter Service Tag. (It present on Laptop box and also at the back of laptop). Once you enter you Service tag you will be presented with a screen similar to this

Try locating the once relevant to you and keep installing.

Hope this might help you.


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